"I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the
Republic for which it stands, one nation, under God, indivisible, with liberty
and justice for all."
If you're like one of over 60 million children in the United States, you recite
this pledge at the beginning of class every morning. You've probably never
really thought about its meaning. You've probably never questioned its purpose. And
you probably didn't know that this modest national symbol has been changed
numerous times since it was written and is the source of much controversy.
In 1892, socialist Francis Bellamy wrote the Pledge of Allegiance for a national
family magazine called Youth's Companion. He had first envisioned it as
reading, "I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands,
one nation, indivisible, with liberty, equality, and fraternity for all."